Grades 3-4 and Grades 5-6
Think First & Stay Safe School Program Personal Safety Curriculum for Grades 3/4 and 5/6
The Think First & Stay Safe program strives for a balanced perspective that will preserve as much of the innocence and optimism of childhood as possible. While it is imperative to arm youngsters with personal safety strategies, it is also essential to reassure them that most people are good and kind and can be counted upon for help when the need arises.
Safety Skills Prevent Victimization
Studies document that bullying, harassment, sexual exploitation, abduction, e-crime and school violence occur at every socioeconomic level and across all geographic borders.
By teaching students the importance of treating themselves and others with kindness and respect, we set behavioral expectations and help students recognize inappropriate and unsafe behaviors. Students learn how to set personal boundaries, identify trusted adults and recognize their instincts at work.
While adults are primarily responsible for keeping youngsters healthy and safe, teaching students to Think First & Stay Safe enables them to take an active role in protecting themselves when necessary. Schools provide an ideal environment for reaching every child with positive messages and prevention strategies. Staffed with mandatory reporters, schools provide a nurturing and safe environment for students to disclose incidents of bullying and abuse or to obtain help if having thoughts of mistreating others.
Safety Education Helps Keep Kids Safe
Students in Grades 3-6 are well aware that crimes against children happen. They see it on the news, online, on TV and in movies, and talk about it with their friends. Youngsters who learn to differentiate between appropriate and inappropriate behavior, and whose parents support such education, are much less likely to be bullied or otherwise abused.
Educators who proactively teach personal safety help ensure that students come to school prepared to learn, free of the challenges that are often associated with exploitation.
Internet and Electronic Safety
Students who participate in Think First & Stay Safe School Program become well versed in Internet/Electronic safety, as most lures can also be used online or electronically. Students are asked to sign an E-Safety Pact as a reminder to practice Netiquette (safety and manners). Students promise not to abuse online or electronic privileges by sending cruel, threatening or disrespectful emails, IMs and text messages, nor posting them.
While cyber predators do exist, cyber bullying is the most prevalent online/electronic threat to youngsters. Cyber predators do visit gaming and social networks, i.e. Facebook, MySpace and RuneScape. However, many of today's youth have been online since Kindergarten and know how to block, ignore, delete, or handle such solicitations. By teaching e-safety in the context of personal safety, students have a full understanding of how to stay healthy and safe - and specifically what can happen if they do take risks.
Students in Grades 3-6 are taught that an abuser can be anyone, even another child. Sadly, bullying and relational aggression can and do happen in elementary school - and usually involve friends. Parents and students alike are informed that in more than 90% of sexual abuse cases, the abuser is someone close to the family, like a family friend, relative or single Mom's boyfriend. Furthermore, approximately 30% of sexual abuse is peer-to-peer, and many of the juvenile perpetrators are victims of abuse themselves.
Youngsters with self-confidence are less likely to be victimized or engage in at-risk behavior. Therefore, it is of vital importance to build self-esteem at every opportunity. By nurturing their sense of self-worth, we can instill in students an expectation to be treated with, and to treat others with, respect and dignity. Assuring youngsters of their right to control what happens to their own bodies gives them the confidence to assert themselves with adults or peers who attempt to bully or abuse them.
Family Involvement Is Essential
Parents and caregivers play a critical role in protecting their children from bullying and abuse. Because family involvement is so important to a child's safety, the Think First & Stay Safe program's parent resources offer parents and caregivers the skills and knowledge they need to reinforce the skills their children are learning in school and help keep their children safe.
Meeting and Exceeding Federal Guidelines
Think First & Stay Safe program aligns with recommendations in the guidelines for personal safety programs established by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC).
Jennifer Mitchell, Co-President of Child Lures Prevention, was one of eight national child safety experts who served on the Education Standards Task Force at the National Center for Missing and Exploited (NCMEC). The task force, along with NCMEC staff liaisons and supporting agencies, developed the Guidelines for Programs to Reduce Child Victimization: A Resource for Communities When Choosing a Program to Teach Personal Safety to Children.
Teaching Sexual Abuse Prevention:
No Evidence of Negative Effects
Some well-meaning educators and parents may worry that discussing personal safety issues will frighten youngsters. These reservations have proven to be unfounded with the Think First & Stay Safe Program.
Even very young children know some things can be dangerous: moving cars, hot stoves, electrical outlets, swimming unattended, and so forth. Fear of such dangers is nearly always diminished when children are provided with easy-to-understand prevention strategies. The same is true for victimization. In today's media-saturated culture, most kids are well aware that crimes can and do happen to children.
Think First & Stay Safe alleviates fear through continual reassurances that most people are kind and safe individuals who strive for the safety and happiness of children. This idea is reinforced throughout the presentations to ensure that children are empowered rather than frightened.
Overall, studies confirm that personal safety instruction does not produce unintended anxiety or fear. Research also shows that program participants do not subsequently misinterpret nurturing touches or make false accusations of abusive touching or behavior (Wurtele, Kast, Miller-Perrin, & Kondrick, 1989).
Positive Outcomes of Personal Safety Programs
Research shows that preschool and elementary-age children can learn personal safety concepts and skills (Wurtele, Marrs, & Miller-Perrin, 1987; Finkelhor & Strapko, 1992). The most effective programs teach skills over multiple sessions, provide opportunities to practice the skills, and include parental involvement (Davis & Gidycz, 2000; Finkelhor, Asdigian, & Dziuba-Leatherman, 1995).
- Increased knowledge and skills. Children who participate in these kinds of programs show significant improvement in prevention-related knowledge and skills, with those in preschool and early elementary school showing the greatest gains (Davis & Gidycz, 2000).
- Increased reporting. Teaching young children to tell an adult when a situation confuses them or makes them uncomfortable may be a powerful strategy to promote child safety (Daro, 1994).
- Research indicates that before receiving a personal safety curriculum, few preschool and school-aged children thought they should report secret touching. After receiving the program, however, children reported they were more willing to tell (Wurtele & Sarno, 1996).
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